7. Installing Nitrate with Gunicorn

7.1. Installation

Start by creating a virtualenv for your Nitrate instance:

$ mkvirtualenv myNitrate

Install Gunicorn:

(myNitrate)$ pip install gunicorn

Install Nitrate:

(myNitrate)$ cd ~/path/to/Nitrate
(myNitrate)$ python ./setup.py install

7.2. Configuration

You need to create a directory holding customized settings to your Nitrate instance and a wsgi.py file for Gunicorn:

(myNitrate)$ mkdir mynitrate

The mynitrate/ directory needs to contain the following files:

(myNitrate)$ ls -l mynitrate/
total 0
-rw-rw-r--. 1 atodorov atodorov    0 Jan 26 11:41 __init__.py
-rw-rw-r--. 1 atodorov atodorov 1300 Jan 26 11:41 settings.py
-rw-rw-r--. 1 atodorov atodorov  170 Jan 26 11:41 wsgi.py

__init__.py must be empty. The other files should look like shown below.


import os

from django.core.wsgi import get_wsgi_application

os.environ.setdefault("DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE", "mynitrate.settings")

application = get_wsgi_application()


from tcms.settings.product import *

# SECURITY WARNING: keep the secret key used in production secret!
SECRET_KEY = 'top-secret'

# SECURITY WARNING: don't run with debug turned on in production!
DEBUG = False

# Database settings
    'default': {
        'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.mysql',
        'NAME': 'changeMe',
        'HOST': 'changeMe',
        'USER': 'changeMe',
        'PASSWORD': 'changeMe',
# Nitrate defines a 'slave_1' connection
DATABASES['slave_1'] = DATABASES['default']

7.3. Static files storage with Amazon S3

You will also have to configure static files storage for all images, CSS and JavaScript content. Static files need not be served by Gunicorn directly. If you want to have Nginx serve them take a look at http://honza.ca/2011/05/deploying-django-with-nginx-and-gunicorn.

Another very easy and cheap way to host your static files is to use Amazon S3. If you decide to do this then:

(myNitrate)$ pip install django-s3-folder-storage

and add the following configuration to mynitrate/settings.py:


# static files storage
AWS_S3_ACCESS_KEY_ID = "changeMe"

STATICFILES_STORAGE = 's3_folder_storage.s3.StaticStorage'
STATIC_S3_PATH = "static"
STATIC_URL = '//s3.amazonaws.com/%s/%s/' % (AWS_STORAGE_BUCKET_NAME, STATIC_S3_PATH)


Amazon S3 Frankfurt supports only Sigv4 requests so you need to properly instruct the storages layer to handle them. To work around this create a file named mynitrate/storage.py with the following content:

import os
from s3_folder_storage.s3 import StaticStorage

os.environ['S3_USE_SIGV4'] = 'True'
class SigV4Storage(StaticStorage):
    def connection(self):
        if self._connection is None:
            self._connection = self.connection_class(
                self.access_key, self.secret_key,
                calling_format=self.calling_format, host='s3.eu-central-1.amazonaws.com')
        return self._connection

then update your mynitrate/settings.py:

STATICFILES_STORAGE = 'mynitrate.storage.SigV4Storage'
STATIC_URL = '//s3-eu-central-1.amazonaws.com/%s/%s/' % (AWS_STORAGE_BUCKET_NAME, STATIC_S3_PATH)

After static files storage has been configured execute:

(myNitrate)$ PYTHONPATH=. django-admin collectstatic --settings mynitrate.settings

7.4. Serve Nitrate with Gunicorn

Once your local Nitrate instance has been configured then create the database:

(myNitrate)$ PYTHONPATH=. django-admin migrate --settings mynitrate.settings

Then create the first user account on your Nitrate instance:

(myNitrate)$ PYTHONPATH=. django-admin createsuperuser --settings mynitrate.settings
Username (leave blank to use 'atodorov'):
Email address: atodorov@MrSenko.com
Password (again):
Superuser created successfully.

Afterwards start Gunicorn:

(myNitrate)$ gunicorn mynitrate.wsgi
[2017-01-26 11:52:57 +0000] [24161] [INFO] Starting gunicorn 19.6.0
[2017-01-26 11:52:57 +0000] [24161] [INFO] Listening at: (24161)
[2017-01-26 11:52:57 +0000] [24161] [INFO] Using worker: sync
[2017-01-26 11:52:57 +0000] [24166] [INFO] Booting worker with pid: 24166

7.5. Deployment to production

Gunicorn advises to use Nginx as an HTTP proxy sitting at the front. For more details refer to http://gunicorn.org/#deployment.